Question: Which Of The Following Is Disinfectant?

Is alcohol a disinfectant?

Since alcohol is flammable, limit its use as a surface disinfectant to small surface-areas and use it in well-ventilated spaces only.

Prolonged and repeated use of alcohol as a disinfectant can also cause discoloration, swelling, hardening and cracking of rubber and certain plastics..

Is hydrogen peroxide a disinfectant or antiseptic?

Hydrogen peroxide does kill germs, including most viruses and bacteria. A concentration of 3% hydrogen peroxide is an effective disinfectant typically found in stores. Hydrogen peroxide can damage some surfaces, and is a more dangerous chemical than some disinfectants, so be cautious when handling it.

What is disinfection and examples?

Disinfection is the process, which involves the elimination of most pathogenic microorganisms (excluding bacterial spores) on inanimate objects. • Chemicals used in disinfection are called disinfectants. Different disinfectants have different target ranges, not all disinfectants can kill all microorganisms.

What are the two types of disinfection?

Chemical DisinfectantsAlcohol.Chlorine and chlorine compounds.Formaldehyde.Glutaraldehyde.Hydrogen peroxide.Iodophors.Ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA)Peracetic acid.More items…

What is another word for disinfectant?

Similar words for disinfectant: antimicrobial (noun) antimicrobic (noun) antiseptic (noun) cleaner (noun)

What disinfectant is most effective against bacteria?

Research has shown quaternary ammonium compounds to effectively kill most bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Sodium Hypochlorite (Bleach). The active ingredient in bleach is sodium hypochlorite, which can kill viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Is an antibiotic a disinfectant?

Before we get started, let’s explore the difference between disinfectants and antibiotics: Disinfectants are different from antibiotics, though both kill germs and both are considered to be antimicrobial.

Which of the following is used as disinfectant?

Hydrogen peroxide is used in hospitals to disinfect surfaces and it is used in solution alone or in combination with other chemicals as a high level disinfectant. Hydrogen peroxide is sometimes mixed with colloidal silver.

Is benzene a disinfectant?

Benzene, C6H6, is a volatile, colorless, and flammable liquid aromatic hydrocarbon possessing a distinct, characteristic odor. … Benzene has also found limited application in medicine for the treatment of certain blood disorders, such as polycythemia and malignant lymphoma, and in veterinary medicine as a disinfectant.

Is calcium hypochlorite a disinfectant?

For many disinfection purposes it is necessary to dissolve calcium hypochlorite in water, and the clear chlorine solution produced is used as the disinfectant. All forms of calcium hypochlorite contain some inert material which is insoluble.

Can I use pool chlorine as a disinfectant?

Just like household bleach is used to disinfect our homes, pool chlorine kills bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can survive within water.

What is the common name for calcium hypochlorite?

Hypochlorites, the most widely used of the chlorine disinfectants, are available as liquid (household bleach, sodium hypochlorite) or solid (common pool chlorine, calcium hypochlorite). The hypochlorite ion, also known as chlorate (I) anion, is ClO−.

What are the different types of disinfectant?

Types of disinfectants include: Air disinfectants, Alcohols, Aldehydes, Oxidizing agents, Phenolics, Quaternary ammonium compounds, Silver, and Copper alloy surfaces.

What is disinfection?

Disinfection describes a process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects (Tables 1 and 2). … Intermediate-level disinfectants might be cidal for mycobacteria, vegetative bacteria, most viruses, and most fungi but do not necessarily kill bacterial spores.

How do you make homemade disinfectant spray?

Ingredients3 1/2 ounces distilled water.12 ounces 95% ethyl alcohol like Everclear. You can use other types of alcohol, too. See Notes for other alcohols.1/2 teaspoon hydrogen peroxide.30-45 drops essential oils as desired See Notes for recommended essential oils.16-ounce spray bottle.

What are the 3 levels of disinfection?

There are three levels of disinfection: high, intermediate, and low.

Which of the following is powerful disinfectant?

Peracetic acidbased solutions are considered to be a more potent disinfectant than hydrogen peroxide; are sporicidal, bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal at low concentrations; and are environment friendly. They have replaced traditional disinfectants for medical devices, endoscopes and haemodialysers.

What is a virucidal disinfectant?

A virucide (pronounced /ˈvī-rə-ˌsīd/ and alternatively spelled viricide and viruscide) is any physical or chemical agent that deactivates or destroys viruses. … Virucides are not intended for use inside the body, and most are disinfectants that are not intended for use on the surface of the body.