Question: What Are The Long Term Side Effects Of Dexamethasone?

How can I reduce the side effects of dexamethasone?

Self-care tips:Report to your physician any severe, persisting abdominal pain or black, tarry stools.Take the steroid mediation after a full meal or with antacids, as this may help reduce irritation of the stomach.

Steroids can increase your appetite..

Are there withdrawal symptoms from dexamethasone?

For this reason, a person must be tapered off the drug slowly. This allows the adrenal glands to begin production of the natural cortisol again. Coming off the drug too rapidly may result in signs of steroid withdrawal such as headache, fatigue, and muscle or joint pains.

Can dexamethasone cause personality changes?

This medicine may cause changes in mood or behavior for some patients. Tell your doctor right away if you have depression, mood swings, a false or unusual sense of well-being, trouble sleeping, or personality changes while taking this medicine.

How long does dexamethasone stay in your body?

Dexamethasone is known as a long-acting drug. Its half-life is 36-72 hours.

What are the side effects of long term use of steroids?

When taking oral corticosteroids longer term, you may experience:Clouding of the lens in one or both eyes (cataracts)High blood sugar, which can trigger or worsen diabetes.Increased risk of infections, especially with common bacterial, viral and fungal microorganisms.Thinning bones (osteoporosis) and fractures.More items…

Do steroids shorten your life?

Summary: Men who use androgenic anabolic steroids — such as testosterone — may face a higher risk of early death and of experiencing more hospital admissions, according to a new study.

Which is stronger prednisone or dexamethasone?

Dexamethasone is a long-acting glucocorticoid with a half-life of 36 to 72 hours, and is 6 times more potent than prednisone.

How long does withdrawal from dexamethasone last?

Psychological withdrawal symptoms could last for 2 to 8 weeks. The doctor may give you blood tests to check your cortisol levels as you taper off prednisone. You may need to taper off more slowly or go back to your regular dose if you have severe symptoms.

What are the side effects of dexamethasone?

The following side effects are common (occurring in greater than 30%) for patients taking dexamethasone:Increased appetite.Irritability.Difficulty sleeping (insomnia)Swelling in your ankles and feet (fluid retention)Heartburn.Muscle weakness.Impaired wound healing.Increased blood sugar levels.

What happens when you stop taking dexamethasone?

Do not stop taking dexamethasone without talking to your doctor. Stopping the drug abruptly can cause loss of appetite, upset stomach, vomiting, drowsiness, confusion, headache, fever, joint and muscle pain, peeling skin, and weight loss.

How long does steroid stay in your body?

You could expect a dose or prednisone to be out of your system in 16.5 to 22 hours. The elimination half life of prednisone is around 3 to 4 hours. This is the time it takes for your body to reduce the plasma levels by half. It usually takes around 5.5 half lives for a drug to be completely eliminated from your system.

What is considered long term steroid use?

Treatment extending longer than three months is considered long term and results in the majority of severe side effects. When steroids are used for short durations of a few days or weeks, they are relatively safe.

Is dexamethasone a strong steroid?

Prednisone and methylprednisolone, which are intermediate-acting products, are four to five times more potent than hydrocortisone. Dexamethasone is a long-acting, systemic corticosteroid; its potency is about 25 times greater than the short-acting products.

Why is dexamethasone used in end of life care?

Dexamethasone use in hospice can decrease pressure inside the skull for patients with brain cancer and other conditions including stroke and head injuries. Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure may present as lethargy, nausea/vomiting, seizures, and/or behavior changes.

Can dexamethasone make you gain weight?

Weight Gain From Steroids Steroids (such as prednisone or dexamethasone) may cause your child to gain excess weight. Steroids can cause an increase in appetite and a build up (retention) of fluid. On steroids, your child: May gain weight especially in the face and belly.